Smooth Draggable Sortable Component For Vue.js

Smooth Draggable Sortable Component For Vue.js

A fast and lightweight drag&drop, sortable library for Vue.js with many configuration options covering many d&d scenarios.

Vue Smooth DnD

A fast and lightweight drag&drop, sortable library for Vue.js with many configuration options covering many d&d scenarios.

This library consists wrapper Vue.js components over smooth-dnd library.

Demo

View the demo here:

  • https://kutlugsahin.github.io/vue-smooth-dnd

Installation

npm i vue-smooth-dnd

Usage

Vue

<template>
  <div>
    <div class="simple-page">
        <Container @drop="onDrop">            
          <Draggable v-for="item in items" :key="item.id">
            <div class="draggable-item">
              {{item.data}}
            </div>
          </Draggable>
        </Container>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { Container, Draggable } from "vue-smooth-dnd";
import { applyDrag, generateItems } from "./utils";
export default {
  name: "Simple",
  components: { Container, Draggable },
  data() {
    return {
      items: generateItems(50, i => ({ id: i, data: "Draggable " + i }))
    };
  },
  methods: {
    onDrop(dropResult) {
      this.items = applyDrag(this.items, dropResult);
    }
  }
};
</script>

API: Container

Component that contains the draggable elements or components. Each of its children should be wrapped by Draggable component

Properties

Properties define the visual behaviour of the library:

Property Type Default Description
:orientation string vertical
:behaviour string move
:tag string or NodeDescription div
:group-name string undefined
:lock-axis string undefined
:drag-handle-selector string undefined
:non-drag-area-selector string undefined
:drag-begin-delay number 0 (200 for touch devices)
:animation-duration number 250
:auto-scroll-enabled boolean true
:drag-class string undefined
:drop-class string undefined
:remove-on-drop-out boolean undefined When set true onDrop will be called with a removedIndex if you drop element out of any relevant container

tag

Tag name or the node definition to render the root element of the Container. Default value is 'div'.

:tag="{value: 'table', props: {class: 'my-table'}}"
tag="table"

possible values


Lifecycle

The lifecycle of a drag is both described, and can be controlled, by a series of callbacks and events, which are illustrated below for a example containing 3 containers:

Mouse     Calls  Callback / Event       Parameters              Notes

down   o                                                        Initial click

move   o                                                        Initial drag
       |
       |         get-child-payload()    index                   Function should return payload
       |
       |   3 x   should-accept-drop()   srcOptions, payload     Fired for all containers
       |
       |   3 x   drag-start             dragResult              Fired for all containers
       |
       |         drag-enter
       v

move   o                                                        Drag over containers
       |
       |   n x   drag-leave                                     Fired as draggable leaves container
       |   n x   drag-enter                                     Fired as draggable enters container
       v

up     o                                                        Finish drag

                 should-animate-drop()  srcOptions, payload     Fires once for dropped container

           3 x   drag-end               dragResult              Fired for all containers

           n x   drop                   dropResult              Fired only for droppable containers

Note that should-accept-drop is fired before every drag-start, and before every drag-end, but has been omitted here for clarity.

The dragResult parameter has the format:

dragResult: {
    payload,
    isSource,
    willAcceptDrop,
}

The dropResult parameter has the format:

dropResult: {
    addedIndex,
    removedIndex,
    payload,
    droppedElement,
}

Note that additional parameters can be passed to callbacks and event handlers by writing an interim handler inline in the markup:

<div v-for="(items, index) in groups"
  <Container group-name="column"
    :should-accept-drop="(src, payload) => getShouldAcceptDrop(index, src, payload)"
    >
    ...
  </Container>
</div>

This can provide handler functions context-sensitive data, such as the loop index or current item.

Callbacks

Callbacks provide additional logic and checks before and during user interaction.

get-child-payload()

The function to be called to get the payload object to be passed onDrop function.

<Container :get-child-payload="getChildPayload">
getChildPayload (index) {
  return {
    // generate custom payload data here
  }
}

Parameters

  • index : number : index of the child item

Returns

  • payload : object

should-accept-drop()

The function to be called by all containers before drag starts to determine the containers to which the drop is possible. Setting this function will override the group-name property and only the return value of this function will be taken into account.

<Container :should-accept-drop="shouldAcceptDrop">
shouldAcceptDrop (sourceContainerOptions, payload) {
  return true;
}

Parameters

  • sourceContainerOptions : object : options of the source container. (parent container of the dragged item)
  • payload : object : the payload object retrieved by calling get-child-payload function.

Returns

  • boolean : true / false

should-animate-drop()

The function to be called by the target container to which the dragged item will be dropped. Sometimes dragged item's dimensions are not suitable with the target container and dropping animation can be wierd. So it can be disabled by returning false. If not set drop animations are enabled.

<Container :should-animate-drop="shouldAnimateDrop">
shouldAnimateDrop (sourceContainerOptions, payload) {
  return false;
}

Parameters

  • sourceContainerOptions : object : options of the source container. (parent container of the dragged item)
  • payload : object : the payload object retrieved by calling get-child-payload function.

Returns

  • boolean : true / false

get-ghost-parent()

The function to be called to get the element that the dragged ghost will be appended. Default parent element is the container itself. The ghost element is positioned as 'fixed' and appended to given parent element. But if any anchestor of container has a transform property, ghost element will be positioned relative to that element which breaks the calculations. Thats why if you have any transformed parent element of Containers you should set this property so that it returns any element that has not transformed parent element.

<Container :get-ghost-parent="getGhostParent">
getGhostParent() {
  // i.e return document.body;
}

Returns

  • Element : Any DOM element that the ghost will be appended in

Events

Events may call user-defined handlers at particular points in the drag-and-drop lifecycle.

@drag-start

Event to be emitted by all containers on drag start.

<Container @drag-start="onDragStart">
onDragStart (dragResult) {
  const { isSource, payload, willAcceptDrop } = dragResult
}

Parameters

  • dragResult : object

    • payload : object : the payload object that is returned by get-child-payload. It will be undefined in case get-child-payload is not set.
    • isSource : boolean : true if it is called by the container which drag starts from otherwise false.
    • willAcceptDrop : boolean : true if the dragged item can be dropped into the container, otherwise false.

@drag-end

The function to be called by all containers on drag end. Called before drop event.

<Container @drag-end="onDragEnd">
onDragEnd (dragResult) {
  const { isSource, payload, willAcceptDrop } = dragResult
}

Parameters

  • dragResult : object

    • isSource : boolean : true if it is called by the container which drag starts from, otherwise false.
    • payload : object : the payload object that is returned by get-child-payload function. It will be undefined in case get-child-payload is not set.
    • willAcceptDrop : boolean : true if the dragged item can be dropped into the container, otherwise false.

@drag-enter

The event to be emitted by the relevant container whenever a dragged item enters its boundaries while dragging.

<Container @drag-enter="onDragEnter">
onDragEnter () {
  ...
}

@drag-leave

The event to be emitted by the relevant container whenever a dragged item leaves its boundaries while dragging.

<Container @drag-leave="onDragLeave">
onDragLeave () {
  ...
}

@drop-ready

The function to be called by the container which is being drag over, when the index of possible drop position changed in container. Basically it is called each time the draggables in a container slides for opening a space for dragged item. dropResult is the only parameter passed to the function which contains the following properties.

<Container @drop-ready="onDropReady">
onDropReady(dropResult) {
  const { removedIndex, addedIndex, payload, element } = dropResult;
  ...
}

Parameters

  • dropResult : object
    • removedIndex : number : index of the removed children. Will be null if no item is removed.
    • addedIndex : number : index to add droppped item. Will be null if no item is added.
    • payload : object : the payload object retrieved by calling getChildPayload function.
    • element : DOMElement : the DOM element that is moved

@drop

The event to be emitted by any relevant container when drop is over. (After drop animation ends). Source container and any container that could accept drop is considered relevant.

<Container @drop="onDrop">
onDrop (dropResult) {
  const { removedIndex, addedIndex, payload, element } = dropResult;
  ...
}

Parameters

  • dropResult : object

    • removedIndex : number : index of the removed child. Will be null if no item is removed.
    • addedIndex : number : index to add dropped item. Will be null if no item is added.
    • payload : object : the payload object retrieved by calling get-child-payload function.
    • droppedElement : DOMElement : the DOM element that is moved

API: Draggable

Wrapper component for Container's children. Every child element should be wrapped with Draggable component.

Properties

tag

Tag name or the node definition to render the root element of the Draggable. Default value is 'div'.

:tag="{value: 'tr', props: {class: 'my-table-row'}}"
tag="tr"

possible values

Github Repository

Tags: #VueJs